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Ubukungu

U Rwanda mu bihugu 10 by’Afurika byateye imbere mu buhahirane mpuzamahanga   

  Yanditswe na NTAWITONDA JEAN CLAUDE
 June 2016

 
 

Kuri uyu wa kabiri tariki 28 Kamena, Banki y’Isi yashyize ahagaragara raporo ya 2016 (Connecting to Compete 2016: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy) igaragaza u Rwanda mu bihugu bya mbere bya Afurika bifite ubuhahirane mpuzamahanga buri ku kigero cyo hejuru.

Iyi raporo yerekana ko u Rwanda ruza imbere ya Burkina Faso, Namibie, na Algerie rukaba ari n’icyitegererezo ku bihugu bidakora ku nyanja byateye imbere mu bijyanye n’ubuhahirane bukoresha ubwikorezi mpuzamahanga.

Nk’uko tubikesha Jeune Afrique, iyi raporo isohoka kabiri buri mwaka yakorewe ku bigo 1050 bikora ubwikorezi mpuzamahanga mu bihugu 132; byagiye bibazwa ku miterere y’ubukungu bw’ibihugu bikoreramo haba ku bijyanye no kwihutisha inzira za gasutamo, agaciro k’ibitumizwa mu mahanga n’uburyo bitwarwamo, korohereza abatwara imizigo ndetse n’imikoranire y’ibigo bitanga serivisi z’ubwikorezi.

Iyi raporo yerekana ko u Budage buza ku mwanya wa mbere ku rwego rw’Isi hagakurikiraho Luxembourg, Suède, Pays-Bas na Singapore mu gihe ku mugabane wa Afurika habanza Afurika y’Epfo iri ku mwanya wa 20 ku isi, Kenya iri ku wa 42 na Misiri ku wa 49.

U Rwanda ruza ku mwanya wa karindwi rukaba urwa 62 ku isi rugakurikirwa na Algeria, Namibia na Burkina Faso. Raporo yerekana ko u Rwanda na Uganda ya gatanu muri Afurika (ikaba n’iya 58 ku isi) urugero rwiza rw’ibihugu bikuraho imyumvire ko kwagura ubuhahirane bishingira gusa ku kuba ukora ku nyanja.

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EAC iravugwa imyato kuri gahunda yo guhuza imipaka kuko byaruhuriye abatwara amakamyo

Umuhora wa Ruguru wahaye isomo amahanga

Banki y’isi isanga ukwihuza kw’ibihugu bihana imipaka ari kimwe mu bisubizo ku kwihuza kw’ibihugu igendeye ku musaruro w’ubufatanye bw’ibihugu bigize Umuryango wa Afurika y’Iburasirazuba (EAC). Ukwihuza kw’ibihugu ngo bibiha ubushobozi bwo guhangana n’imbogamizi za buri gihugu muri rusange.

Ibihugu bitatu bya EAC byaje mu myanya y’imbere muri Afurika ni Uganda, u Rwanda na Tanzania. Raporo ya banki y’isi ishimira cyane intambwe ibi bihugu byateye binyuze mu bikorwaremezo bimaze kubakwa mu Muhora wa Ruguru bihuza u Burundi, u Rwanda na Uganda, Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo, Sudani y’Epfo, Tanzania na Kenya.

Ikindi bihugu by’Umuhora wa Ruguru byashimiwe ni ubushake bukomeje gushyirwa mu guhuza imipaka y’ibihugu bya EAC byakuyeho imbogamizi abacuruzi n’abatwara amakamyo bahuraga na zo mu kwikorera ibicuruzwa byabo.

 

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