2017-10-18 07:01:40 clouds 27o High | Kigali Rwanda

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Ni kuki ibihugu bikomeye bitesha agaciro iterambere ry’u Rwanda?

Yanditswe na IMVAHO NSHYA

Kuya 2016-11-04 09:59:11

 
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U Rwanda ni kimwe mu bihugu bito ku Isi ariko rufite akarusho k’amateka yarwo atangaje. Niyo mpamvu rutameranye neza n’u Burayi ntirunahabwe agaciro kanini muri Leta Zunze Ubumwe za Amerika.

Izina ry’iki gihugu rizahora rifite ihuriro na Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi mu 1994 igahitana ababarirwa muri miliyoni.

Umugabo wahagaritse ubwo bwicanyi ni Paul Kagame wari uyoboye ingabo zizwi ku izina rya RPF. Niwe waje kuba perezida naho ingabo yari ayoboye zihinduka ishyaka riri ku butegetsi.

Ibintu byahise bihinduka mu buryo benshi batakekaga. Benshi mu banyamakuru berekanaga u Rwanda nk’igihugu cyuzuye imirambo itarashyingurwa. Hari abari bazi ko u Rwanda rugiye kuba ikindi ikimenyetso cy’amateka mabi akomeje kuranga Afurika, y’imitwe yitwaje intwaro, za kudeta n’ubuyobozi bw’ishyaka rimwe.

Uretse ko atari uko byaje kugenda:

Kagame yatangije politiki yo kutihorera ndetse ingabo ze ntizijandika mu bwicanyi nk’uko hari abari babyiteze. Guverinoma yavuguruye amategeko amabwiriza na gahunda z’iterambere.

Perezida Kagame yarwanyije ruswa ahindura u Rwanda igihugu kiri muri bitanu bikorera mu mucyo muri 47 bigize Afurika yo munsi y’Ubutayu bwa Sahara nk’uko Transparency International ibitangaza.

Hagati ya 2001 na 2014 ubukungu bw’igihugu bwateye imbere ku kigero cya 9%. Buri gihe u Rwanda ruza imbere y’ibindi ku mugabane mu korohereza abanyamahanga gushora imari no gutangiza ubucuruzi.

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Uko u Rwanda rutera imbere ni nako rwibasirwa n’ibihugu bikomeye

Impunzi zaratahutse ndetse n’abandi Banyafurika b’abimukira bari kuyoboka icyo gihugu ku bwinshi baza gushaka umugati. Aho kubakumira, mu minsi ishize u Rwanda rwavaniyeho viza z’akazi abaturage ba Kenya na Uganda kuko isanga abanyamahanga bongerera igihugu imbaraga.

Kuri ubu u Rwanda rugereranywa n’ikindi gihugu cyateye imbere nyamara ari gito kandi kidakora ku nyanja, benshi bati “ni u Busuwisi bwa Afurika”.

Izamuka ry’ubukungu ryaratunguranye kuko 90% by’abaturarwanda ari abahinzi, ibicuruzwa byoherezwa mu mahanga bikaba ikawa n’icyayi naho amafaranga menshi yinjira mu bukerarugendo ashingiye ku ngagi.

Nyamara iki gihugu kiracyafite ibikibangamira. Imiryango Iharanira Uburenganzira bwa muntu ikomeza kotsa igitutu Leta y’u Rwanda ngo ipfuka umunwa itangazamakuru n’abatavuga rumwe na leta.

Gusa muri ibyo binyoma byose ukuri guhari ni uku: Mu Rwanda hari ibinyamakuru byigenga bidacungwa na guverinoma ndetse n’amashyaka atavuga rumwe na Leta yemewe n’amategeko, ni ibintu biri hake mu buyobozi bw’ibihugu bya Afurika.

Nko muri Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo, hari impaka ku kuba Perezida Kabila yakwiyamamariza manda ya gatatu, mu gihe mu Rwanda imbaga y’abaturage yatoye referandumu yo guhindura itegeko nshinga perezida Kagame akayobora indi manda.

Ubuyobozi bwe bwaranzwe n’amahoro mu moko yose n’iterambere ry’ubukungu. Nubwo ari byiza kugira inzego zikomeye kurusha abantu bakomeye, rimwe na rimwe hakenerwa abantu bakomeye bo gushinga bene izo nzego.

Ibi bituganisha ku Bufaransa bukunda kwibasira u Rwanda. Mu gihe abayobozi b’u Bufaransa batazitirwa na manda ndetse n’umuyobozi w’u Budage kuri ubu uri kuyobora manda ya gatatu, ngo barashaka kuzitira Abanyarwanda mu iterambere babashyiraho umutwaro wa za manda.

U Bufaransa burwanya Perezida Kagame kuko ku ruhande rumwe budashobora kumukoresha ibyo bushaka naho ku rundi ruhande nawe agakomeza kubwibutsa uruhare bwagize muri Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi mu 1994.

Umwanditsi ni umushakashatsi kuri Politiki Mpuzamahanga n’Umutekano w’Ibihugu.
Gusoma inkuru y’umwimerere kuri Forbes KANDA HANO

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