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Amateka | Mu Rwanda

“Umugabo mwiza mu muriro”, ubuhamya bwa Lt. Gen. Dallaire kuri Jenoside   

  Yanditswe na MUGABO LAMBERT
 April 2016

 
 

Lt. Gen. Roméo Dallaire wari uyoboye ingabo z’Umuryango w’Abibumbye zari mu Rwanda mu gihe cya Jenoside (MINUAR) yongeye gusobanura uko ibyo yabonye muri Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi mu 1994 byamwangije mu mutwe no kugeza ubu akaba atarabikira.

Dallaire yasobanuye ubukana bw’ibibi yabonye u Rwanda mu kiganiro n’Inzu Ndangamurage yo kwibuka Jenoside yakorewe Abayahudi iba muri Leta Zunze Ubumwe za Amerika (USHMM). Iki kiganiro cyiswe “Umugabo mwiza mu muriro: Gen. Romeo Dallaire na Jenoside mu Rwanda”.

Yatangiye agira ati “Ingaruka z’ibyo nabonye mu Rwanda zageze no ku bwonko, bituma nsigara nta bushobozi mfite bwo kugira ibyiringiro byo kubaho.”

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Romeo Dallaire ngo ntateze kwibagirwa ibyo yabonye mu Rwanda

Yavuze ko nk’umuyobozi wari uyoboye ingabo yananiwe gukiza Abanyarwanda, akananirwa kubafasha. Yabonye byinshi, abana n’ababyeyi bakicwa; ati “Abasaza bagupfiraga mu maboko, mu kivunge cy’abantu ibihumbi 50, ibihumbi 60, bari mu mvura, mu misozi, bakureba mu maso, bavuga bati ‘Habaye iki? Ntimuhari se? Ni gute twarokoka ibi?”

Akomeza agira ati “Biciwe mu nsengero, aho twashoboye kugera, intagondwa zabizezaga kujyayo, bakabwirwa kujya mu nsengero niba bumva badatekanye, ko bazarindwa n’amasezerano ya Geneva. Kuko mu rusengero babaga ari benshi, harimo nk’ibihumbi bibiri, bafunguraga igisenge, bakajugunyamo amagerenade, noneho bakinjiramo bakabatemeramo…”

Dallaire avuga ko yababajwe n’uko nta bushobozi yari agifite, ati “Ingabo za Canada nta bwo zari zigishoboye kunkoresha nka General w’inyenyeri eshatu, kuko ntashoboraga kuyobora ingabo mu bikorwa, kuko nta bushobozi n’inshingano nari ngifite. None se wakorana iki n’umujenerali w’inyenyeri eshatu udashobora kuyobora ingabo, kandi azi uko yabikora…”

Dallaire yamenye mbere y’igihe itegurwa rya Jenoside

Abajijwe icyutumye amenya ko mu Rwanda hategurwa Jenoside, Dallaire yavuze ko byonyine kuba mu Rwanda haroherejwe ingabo za Loni ari uko ibintu bitari bimeze neza. Ngo nubwo bo batagiraga za maneko, Roméo Dallaire yavuze ko babonaga amakuru avuye ku mpande zombi, kandi ko ubutegetsi bwa Habyarimana bwari bwaratoje umutwe w’abicanyi, ugahabwa n’intwaro, kandi ko uwo mutwe washoboraga kwica Abatutsi barenga 4,000 mu isaha imwe mu mujyi wa Kigali.

Lt. Gen. Dallaire yakomeje avuga ko baje no kuvumbura intwaro zari zihishwe, ibyo byose bikaba byaraberekaga ibizakurikiraho, ari byo kurimbura Abatutsi.

Ati “Noneho ubutumwa New York mbasaba kubirwanya muri uwo mwanya mu masaha 36, tugahera ahantu twari twamenye ko hahishwe intwaro.”

Ariko ati “Nangiwe kubikora kuko bavugaga ko twaba dusubiye mu bisa nko muri Somalia, maze Loni n’igihugu bakarwana. Batekereje ko twaba tugiye kwirukanwa, bikaba nko muri Somalia […] LONI ivuga ko mutajya mu bikorwa by’imirwano, ahubwo muganira n’abantu. Twabiganiriyeho n’izo ntagondwa, tubabwira ko tuzi ibirimo gukorwa, tubabwira ko bitajyanye n’amasezerano y’amahoro yendaga gushyirwa mu bikorwa.”

Roméo Dallaire ubwo yandikiraga Umuryango w’Abibumbye awumenyesha ibigiye kuba mu Rwanda, avuga ko yahise asubizwa uwo mwanya, mu masaha make, ko atemerewe kwinjira mu bikorwa nk’ibyo.

Abo Dallaire yahaga ayo makuru, ni urwego rushinzwe ibikorwa byo kubungabunga amahoro ku isi, harimo abo yise “Triumvirate” (agatsiko ka batatu), ari bo Kofi Annan, Iqbal Riza n’umujenerali w’Umunyakanada wari inshuti ya Dallaire, ari we Gen. Maurice Baril. Kandi bavuganaga kuri telefoni. Intwaro zari zarateguwe harimo n’iziremereye yavuze ko zari zihishe mu majyaruguru y’iburengerazaba bw’u Rwanda, ahari n’inzu ya Perezida wariho, Habyarimana.

Mu buhamya bwe, Dallaire avuga uko Jenoside yatangiye, ko babanje kwica Abaminisitiri, ko yabonye aho abantu batandukanya abandi, ati “Hari ikiremwamuntu kitari abantu cyangwa se abari hejuru y’abandi?”

Amahanga yacyuye abaturage bayo n’imburamumaro z’Abanyarwanda

Dallaire akomeza agira ati “Nyuma y’iminsi ibiri indege y’Abafaransa iba igeze i Kigali. Nyuma y’iminota 45 gusa, numvise ko haje indi. Indege y’Ababiligi yaje ku munsi wakurikiyeho. Abataliyani baje nyuma y’iminsi ine.”

Ati “Hari kandi ingabo 300 z’Abanyamerika zari i Bujumbura, kandi hari ubwato bw’abasirikare babo bwari Dar-es-Salaam bufite abagera kuri 800 n’igihumbi. Bari baje kujyana abagabo b’abazungu n’Abanyarwanda b’imburamumaro b’abanyapolitiki bakoraga neza ibyo bashaka.”

Dallaire atanga urugero rw’abo yise imburamumaro, ati “Urugero ni uko Abafaransa batwaye umuryango wa Perezida batari abantu beza bakenewe na busa kuri iyi Si. Bose bajyanywe mu minsi itanu, basiga Abanyarwanda bari barabakoreye imyaka myinshi irenga 10, bareze abana babo, babasigira kwicirwa inyuma yabo basubira Brussels, Paris n’ahandi.”

Mu gusoza iki kiganiro, Lt. Gen. Dallaire yagize ati “Abantu bicirwaga kuri buri bariyeri yabaga mu ntera ya buri metero 100, bicwaga kubera indangamuntu zatanzwe n’Ababiligi. Wagombaga kuba ufite indangamuntu iriho ko uri Umuhutu cyagwa Umututsi. Iyo wabaga uri Umututsi bagushyiraga ku ruhande bakakwica.”

 

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